The Holy Spirit As The Bible Teaches, broadside tract by F. L. Rowe

F. L. Rowe is editor and publisher of Christian Leader out of Cincinnati, Ohio.  This broadside tract is undated, ca. 1910’s-1930’s.   Tract theology is underexplored, especially considering how prevalent they were in past generations.  Given the space constraints of tract (or leaflet or broadside) form, they of neccessity must get at the issue quickly while resolving it efficiently.  Among Churches of Christ and Christian Churches tracts are eminently doctrinal and often polemical.  For these reasons they are a very good starting point for historical and theological inquiry into the shape and content of Restorationist doctrinal discourse.  This one is undated, but since Rowe sold Christian Leader just prior to WW2, it must be pre-War.  It gives us a good, brief snapshot view of a pneumatology urged by a conservative Northern publisher from the turn of the century up to the war. Tolle lege!

Campbell-Rice Debate on Google Books

More here.

Claude Spencer, that bibliographer extraordinaire and lover of all things Stone-Campbell, identifies the true first printing of the first edition of the debate in his monumental Author Catalog of the Disciples of Christ.  He gives the basic bibliographic information about the book as shown above, but with this list of publishers:

Lexington, A. T. Skillman & son; Cincinnati, Wright and Swormstedt, J. A. James; Louisville, D. S. Burnett; N. York, R. Carter; Pittsburgh, Thomas Carter, 1844.

and this note:

First printing with error trine immersion 7th line from bottom of page 258.

Spencer’s second entry is the same as the first but with these as publishers:

Lexington, A. T. Skillman & son; Cincinnati, J. A. James; Louisville, D. S. Burnett; New York, R. Carter; Pittsburg, T. Carter, 1844.

His third entry is for the Standard Publishing facsimile edition of 1917, again with the same information above with this for the publisher:

facsimile edition. Cincinnati, Standard, 1917.

and this note

“An exact reproduction, made by a new process developed and perfected by The Standard publishing company of Cincinnati, O., of the original edition of this book, published in 1844 by A. T. Skillman & son, Lexington, Ky.” Does not have error on page 258.

Finally, Spencer knows of one other “edition” of the Campbell-Rice debate.  Here is his entry:

Campbell-Rice debate on the holy spirit.  being the fifth proposition in the great debate on “baptism”, “holy spirit”, and “creeds”.  Held in Lexington, Kentucky, beginning November 15, 1843 and continuing eighteen days.  Cincinnati, F. L. Rowe, 1901. 309p.

I have edition in quotes above because the Rowe issue isn’t strictly speaking an edition, it is an excerpt.  but that is another post for another day.  The fifth proposition, beginning on page 611, reads:

Now, is the item digitized by Google Books the true first issue? It doesn’t appear so from what we see on the title page above.  Let us turn to page 258, 7th line from the bottom…

Nope…second printing at least.  I suspect Claude would have loved Google Books.  Check your shelves and see what you can find on p. 258.  If you have an 1844 book, you just might have a true first printing!

Henry Leo Boles

Congregants, friends, former students and fellow preachers, mourners all, assembled at the Grace Avenue Church of Christ on the winter morning of February 9, 1946 to remember the life of their minister, mentor and friend, Henry Leo Boles.


Just a month earlier, Sunday January 6, he preached in the morning assembly at Grace Avenue what would be his last sermon.  Boles and Grace Avenue enjoyed a thirty-year relationship wherein he would preach for them, when in town, the first Sunday of each month.  The arrangement was typical for many churches of Christ in the days before each congregation employed a full-time “located minister.”  When H. Leo Boles and the old Foster Street Church of Christ entered into their agreement he was President of the Nashville Bible School (later David Lipscomb College, now Lipscomb University). 


Born, raised and educated in the Upper Cumberland area in East Tennessee, Boles was already an accomplished schoolteacher and preacher when he came to the Nashville Bible School as a student in 1904.  By 1906 he was teaching classes and in 1913 was named its President with approval of the school’s founder, David Lipscomb.  In addition to his teaching and service to the school as President (until 1920 and again from 1923-1932) and as a member of the Board of Trustees, he contributed to the life of the churches of Christ at large by writing regularly for, and editing from 1920-1923, the Gospel Advocate.


Holding an MA from Vanderbilt University in and serving on the Committee of Uniform Lessons of the International Council of Religious Education for nearly twenty years, he was well-qualified to author, develop and edit a series of graded Sunday School literature for churches of Christ.  As an author Boles contributed commentaries on the gospels of Matthew and Luke, on Acts of Apostles, a major doctrinal treatise on the Holy Spirit, a volume of biographical-historical studies on noted Restoration preachers and co-edited a hymnal.


In addition to his steady literary output, he enjoined occasionally in religious debate and maintained an active schedule of preaching appointments.  The great-grandson of noted early Restoration preacher “Raccoon” John Smith, it seemed preaching was in Boles’ blood.  His last illness in the winter of 1946, in fact, compelled him for the first time in 42 years to cancel a preaching appointment.  When the Grace Avenue congregation bade farewell to their beloved preacher that wintry morning, they also bade farewell to one of the more significant figures in Churches of Christ in his generation.