My Nashville research across the last ten years has evolved from an interest in Central Church (where I was then Associate Minister) to a much, much larger scope including each congregation in the county, every para-church ministry based in Nashville, and how the larger issues within Stone-Campbell history interact with local history in one city resulting in the ministry conducted on ground, in the trenches, in the congregations. With that comes the innumerable evangelists, ministers and pastors who held forth weekly from pulpits across the city. Ambitious? Yes. Perhaps too ambitious. That may be a fair criticism, but the field is fertile and the more I survey the landscape and read the sources and uncover additional data, the more I’m convinced to stay the course.
In the last four years especially I have focused my efforts to obtain information about the smaller congregations, closed congregations, particularly congrgations which have closed in the last 40 to 50 years. My rationale for this focus is that some history here is in some cases, potentially recoverable. There are larger affluent congregations which have appearances of vitality…they are going nowhere soon. I can only hope some one among them is heads-up enough to chronicle their ongoing history and preserve the materials they produced. On the other hand are congregations which have long-ago closed and chances are good we might not ever know anything of them except a name and possibly a location (for example, Carroll Street Christian Church is absorbed into South College Street in 1920 forming Lindsley Avenue Church of Christ…no paper is known to exist from this church, and I can’t even find one photo of the old building, and there is no one remaining who has living memory of this congregation). For all practical purposes Carroll Street Church of Christ may remain as mysterious in twenty years as it does now. I’d be surprised to learn of 3 people now living in the city of Nashville who have even heard of it.
But the several congregations that closed in the 50’s-80’s (and some even in the last five years) remain accessible if only through documents and interviews. Theoretically the paper (the bulletins, meeting minutes, directories, photographs, even potentially sermon tapes) has a good chance of survival in a basement or attic or closet. Chances are still good that former members still live, or folks might be around–in Nashville or elsewhere–who grew up at these congregations. Theoretically. Potentially. Hopefully.
Yet as time marches on there are more funerals…for example in the last year I missed opportunities to speak with three elderly folks about their memories at these now-closed churches…they were too ill to speak with me and now they are gone! I did, however, speak at length with one woman in ther 90’s who I thought died long ago! She is quite alive and lucid!
So from time to time I will highlight on this blog these closed congregations…closed in the recent past…with hopes that someone somewhere might look for them (I get hits on this blog by folks looking for all sorts of things, among them are several Nashville Churches of Christ). Maybe we can stir up some interest and surface additional information.
A few days ago I posted about one such congregation, the Twelfth Avenue, North Church of Christ. I have in the queue a post about New Shops Church of Christ in West Nashville. There are more, several more.
Stay tuned, and remember, save the paper!
Nashville Churches of Christ History group is open to anyone interested in the history of the Stone-Campbell Movement in Nashville and Davidson County, Tennessee. When I began the group about three years ago I said this:
I envision this community as a place to share common interest in the rich story of the Stone-Campbell Movement in Nashville. I am conducting research for a book which will highlight each congregation of Churches of Christ and Christian Churches from the 1810’s to the present…basically the entire movement from its beginning in our city until now. I envision this group as a place to share memories, photos, news and generate discussion and interest. Please join and contribute. Please feel free to contact me directly at icekm (at) aol (dot) com.
Since readership for this blog is significantly higher now than it was in 2010, let me offer another invitation. The group is open to all. Help spread the word and generate interest. (astogetherwestandandsing…)
Click above to download a document listing 319 variants of time-, place- and character-names for the 227 known congregations of the Stone-Campbell movement in Nashville and Davidson County, Tennessee from 1812 to September 2012.
To my knowledge my work in this area is the only such compilation, and therefore, the most complete. The initial publication of the list to this blog was in May 2010 as a first step in my research toward a book on the Restoration Movement in Nashville. I blogged then:
With over 200 congregations in this county, the congregational research alone will take years, perhaps the remainder of my life. If I live to be 100 I may not finish even a rudimentary survey. It may be too much: too many congregations, too many preachers, too much ‘story’ to tell.
But this is where I am at the present. I publish the list here to generate interest, additions, subtractions, corrections and clarifications. Look it over and if I need to make changes, please let me know.
While congregational history is only one aspect of this project, this is where it all played out…on the ground in the congregations on a weekly basis. Few congregations have attempted more than a list of preachers or a narrative of the expansion of the church building. What I propose, as I wrote above, may be too much…too far to the other extreme. But that fact changes not one whit the necessity of it being done.
The story of these churches in Nashville needs to be told. I ask for your help in telling it. look over my list; I solicit your critique. Contact me at icekm [at] aol [dot] com.
(The first version of the name authority, from May 2010, can be found here.)
Christian Churches as listed in the 1887 Nashville City Directory:
M. M. Kline, compiler. Nashville City Directory. Volume 23. 1887 — Containing a General Directory of the Citizens, A Classified Business Directory, Miscellaneous Information, and a Correct Map of the City. Nashville: Marshal and Bruce, 1887, p. 23.
Church Street Church — Elder R. Lin Cave, pastor, Church bet S. High and S. Vine.
North Nashville Church — Elder ——-, pastor, N. Spruce bet Jefferson and Monroe.
South Nashville Church — Elder ——-, pastor, Fain’s Hall, S. Cherry bet Elm and Ash.
Woodland Street Church — Elder R. M. Giddens, pastor, Woodland bet S. Fifth and S. Sixth.
Gay Street Church — Rev. P. Taylor, pastor, Gay bet N. Vine and N. Spruce.
This list only includes the congregations within the 1887 city limits of Nashville which were then not much larger than the interior of the present interstate loop around downtown, plus the western edge of what is now East Nashville (then a recent addition to the city…formerly a city unto itself: Edgefield). The county congregations are not on the radar screen for M. M. Kline and the folks at Marshall & Bruce. However, from this short list we see that the Restoration presence gained a congregation or two since the Civil War ravaged Nashville. The old Second Christian Church is now known as Gay Street Christian Church. Preston Taylor has came to Nashville in 1884 and Second Church will remain the African-American presence among the Reformers until the congregation split and Lea Avenue Church is formed. Gay Street and Lea Avenue were able to put differences aside and merged, forming Gay-Lea Christian Church. They now minister under the name New Covenant Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). However, out of Gay Street church would by the end of the century come Jackson Street Church of Christ, the ‘mother church’ of black Churches of Christ.
Among the white congregations the Woodland Street Church was formed over a decade earlier in Edgefield, a very nice easterly suburb across the Cumberland River. E. G. Sewell is no longer regular teaching minister there in 1887, but remains as an elder. A nasty division is likely already in the works at Woodland Street in 1887 as the seeds of ‘society-ism’ are first planted at Woodland Street church by Giddens and A. I. Myhr and certain of Sewell’s fellow elders. Plus, some members who moved in from other parts of the country brought with them to Woodland Street inclinations, if not outright intentions, to establish a Society presence in Nashville. About five years later Sewell and about forty others, J. C. McQuiddy among them, left Woodland Street to form Tenth Street Christian Church only five blocks east. But first others will form Foster Street Christian Church in 1888-1889 in Northeast Nashville (or North Edgefield). Woodland Street continues in Eastwood Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Tenth Street became Russell Street Church of Christ but closed in 1998. Foster Street became in 1926 Grace Avenue; they closed in 1977.
In 1887 Church Street Christian Church met about where the downtown library now sits, but they will within a year or so sell the old building (built in 1820) and begin work on a new church building on upscale Vine Street (now 7th Avenue North where the library parking garage is). A block or so north along Vine Street is the Governor’s Mansion and beyond that is the State Capitol. I’ve read where Vine Street was a nice quiet street of upscale homes…preferred in part because the street was too steep going up to the Capitol and therefore lacked a noisy streetcar. Vine Street continues as Vine Street Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), but left downtown in the 1950’s to upscale Belle Meade.
The North Nashville and South Nashville Christian Churches are in large measure the result of David Lipscomb’s efforts to establish congregations across the city where people live. The city was growing and Lipscomb is convinced that each neighborhood will be well-served by an active and vibrant congregation of Disciples. North Nashville Christian Church was variously known as The Church of the Disciples, North Nashville Church of Christ and North Spruce Street Christian Church. It was the outgrowth of Lipscomb’s preaching in the old Civil War barracks in the vicinity of what is now Bicentennial Mall. North Nashville Church continues today as Eighth Avenue Church of Christ, which has met on the same ground for 125+ years.
South Nashville Christian Church exists today as Lindsley Avenue Church of Christ. About a year later, in 1888, they will have finished a building, dedicated it, chosen elders (among whom is David Lipscomb), and will be well on their way to being a leading congregation of Disciples in Nashville. Arguably this is the most vigorous congregation of Disciples in 19th century Nashville. That particular story is one I am yet researching and documenting. Suffice it to say that this congregation alone is responsible for much of what had happened in Nashville by 1912 (as far as church plants go). Neither North nor South Nashville churches have a regular pastor in 1887. South Nashville will not have a regular located minister for about a decade until Cornelius A. Moore begins work there. North Nashville will not have a ‘located minister’ until the 1940’s.
West Nashville is about to come into the picture, but in 1887 all we have, it seems, are plans. Eventually Line Street Christian Church (later Jo Johnston Avenue Church of Christ) and West Nashville Christian Church are established. Jo Johnston disbands by 1943 in part due to the changed racial landscape of that neighborhood (17th and Jo Johnston…north of Charlotte Ave.). Charlotte Avenue Church of Christ continued West Nashville’s ministry until the early years of the 21st century when they merged with West Nashville Heights Church of Christ to form Charlotte Heights Church of Christ.
In 1887 things are starting to happen in the Nashville Stone-Campbell scene. The half has not been told. What is vital to the telling of that story is the paper produced by these congregations, particularly the early paper. I’m talking minutes books, membership ledgers, business meeting minutes, photographs, bulletins, correspondence. If you have or know anyone who mas anything along these lines, please contact me at icekm [at] aol [dot] com
Gospel Advocate 25 January 1917, 35:
Sister Susie W. Allen, wife of J. G. Allen, departed this life on October 6, 1916. Her maiden name was “Haley”–the daughter of T. W. Haley, who taught in the city schools for thirty-four years. Sister Allen, with four other sisters, taught at different times, and she was engaged in this noble calling at the time of her marriage to J. G. Allen, February 6, 1883. This union was blessed with seven children. One died in infancy, leaving six with their father to mourn the loss of a mother and wife. The surviving children are James A., David H., Mary Lee, Ruth, Mrs. O. F. Young, and Mrs Fletcher Daily. All, except Mrs. Young, who resides at Davidson, Tenn., are residents of Nashville, Tenn. At the time of our sister’s marriage to Brother Allen she was a member of the Baptist Church and he was a member of the Methodist Church. They both realized the wrong of thus being divided religiously and determined to give the word of God a careful and thorough investigation on the subject of the plan of salvation and the church Christ established. The result of this careful, prayerful, and painstaking investigation of the Holy Scriptures was the discovery that both were wrong, and they became members of the church of Christ, determined to be Christians only. For twenty-nine years Sister Allen was faithful and true to the church and when death claimed her mortal body, she was found with the armor on and at the post of duty. She peacefully passed from the shores of time to the golden strand on the other side, with all of her children and devoted husband present. It was the writer’s sad pleasure to conduct the funeral services at 2:30 P.M., Lord’s day, october 8, in the presence of a large audience of sympathizing friends. I had known Sister Allen for a long time and had been in her hospitable home time and again. I feel sure that I knew the spirit of this good woman and have no fears of unduly praising her character. She was gentle, modest, kind, and thoughtful toward all in an eminent degree. I have never known one in whom I thought the virtues of true womanhood shone more brightly and beautifully than in the life and character of Sister Allen. She filled all the places assigned her by nature and providence with that Christian fidelity which prompts to a full measure of duty. Her children were devoted to her to the last degree. By her sweet disposition and ever-abiding affection for them, manifested in so many ways, they could not help but lover her with an intensity that always placed mother first in everything. As a wife, Sister Allen filled the duties and requirements of that sacred relation with the devotion and fidelity God placed upon it. Her husband and children rise up to call her memory blessed. They have been deprived of the sunshine of her presence in the hom; but the blessed memory of her face, voice, gentle words, and deeds of kindness falls upon them like a sweet benediction from the heavens that bend above. Look up and look away, dear ones, to where she has gone; climb the ladder of life until you, too, catch a glimpse of the glory land. F. W. SMITH.
Susie Haley was a conscientious member of Central Baptist Church in downtown Nashville (also know as First Baptist Church). Prior to their marriage Jacob may have been a member at Elm Street Methodist Church in South Nashville or McKendree Methodist Church downtown, or perhaps another congregation. They did not agree in matters religious, but they did agree that the Campbellites were not even respectable people (so Jacob wrote in 1936). They heard J. C. Martin preach in a rented hall sometime prior to November 1887. Hearing him preach about unity rooted in Scripture appealed to both of them…apparently in spite of thier hard feelings about ‘Campbellites.’ Jacob may have been immersed at Central Baptist Church; Susie had been immersed evidently some years before. Susie was not reimmersed when they came to South College Street from Central Baptist Church. By November 1887 the Allen’s were among the very first members at South Nashville’s South College Street Christian Church, where, with W. H. Timmons, David Lipscomb and J. Claude Martin served as elders. At some point…I cannot yet dermine when…Jacob was immersed (possibly reimmersed? but I’ve found no evidence it was reimmersion) by James A. Harding at South College Street…perhaps in 1889? In 1892 Harding and his family transferred from Winchester, Kentucky, to the South College Street Church and by about 1894 he and the Allen’s and quite a few others swarmed from South College to establish Green Street Christian Church. By then Jacob began preaching and not long afterwards his young son, James, learned to preach at Green Street under the tutelage of his father and Harding. All the while Susie, as F. W. Smith notes in his obituary, upheld ‘ideal womanhood’ and supported her husband and later her son in their ministries. Hers is one story from the congregation David Lipscomb pastored from 1888 until his death in 1917.
S. H. Hall remembers T. B. Larimore
Part 2 of Samuel Henry Hall’s reminiscences of three men who significantly influenced his life and ministry: David Lipscomb, T. B. Larimore and James A. Harding. I prefaced the first installment, on David Lipscomb, with a brief biographical sketch on Hall. By way of footnotes I again insert a few clarifying details. Additional information about Hall is available at here.
Excerpted from chapter 3 of S. H. Hall, Sixty-Five Years in the Pulpit, Or, Compound Interest in Religion. Nashville: Gospel Advocate Company, 1959. Pages 14-15.
T. B. LARIMORE – He was at his best when I began to preach. I heard so much about him and it was so favorable that I wondered if T. B. Larimore would leave this old world as did Enoch and Elijah and be relieved to what is known as death’s transition. I have not the words to express the powerful influence he had on me. We were blessed in our Atlanta work – I believe it was the third year – by having him there for a revival. He had his peculiarities, which never did any harm to a human soul, but sometimes embarrassed his friends.
Brother O. B. Curtis, who perhaps knew Larimore as but few knew him, having been with him and led the singing the whole time he lived in Washington, D.C., and who is now out very efficient song leader at Arcadia, California, made the statement a few days ago that he never heard Larimore say one harmful thing about anyone. This made me think of a little of my experience with him. I was preaching regularly once a month and doing all the mission work in the summer for a congregation that once had on its board of elders a very shrewd lawyer, who took a position as legal adviser to the leader of a very strong religious cult that believed in Triune Immersion. He was immersed in this way, doubtless, to please the one who was paying him a big salary. But his services ended and he returned to his home town and, it seemed, expected to be received in full fellowship and to be recognized as an elder as he was before he left; however, he was not recognized. He came to my room almost every day complaining about the treatment he was receiving, and spoke of what E. A. Elam, T. B. Larimore and others thought of him. Some of our best were they, and I was just a very young preacher. This was just before our move to Atlanta, Georgia. He had a great deal to say about prophecy and gave me one position which he stated he also gave to Larimore, for which, Larimore said he never thought of before and thanked him most graciously for the thought. While Larimore was in a revival in Nashville the lawyer chanced to be in Nashville also, and learning of Larimore’s being there and where he was preaching, decided to go and hear him. He got there a little late, and as he entered the building he was pleased to hear Larimore discussing the very point in prophecy that he has pointed out to him. So, Larimore, seeing this great lawyer coming down the aisle, at once stopped his sermon and stated: “Friends, since beginning this sermon, I see a friend of mine is here and he knows more about this subject than I do, and I am inviting him to the stand to discuss it in my stead.” This lawyer had related this a number of times to show what great men such as Larimore had thought of him, and as a rebuke to his elders at home for repudiating him as an elder. He related this to me a number of times, and deep down in my heart I /15/ did not believe it and made up my mind if I ever met Larimore, I would ask him about it. So one Christmas, as I was changing trains in Nashville, I met Brother Larimore in the waiting room. After a little conversation about where I had been and where I was going, I stated, “Brother Larimore, I have a question that I want to ask you, and I hope you will not think it out of place for me to ask it.” I related the whole story, then stated, “I have wondered, Brother Larimore, if you did do this.” Get this – he raised those long arms and gently placed his hands on my shoulders and looked me straight in the eye – his eyes were so gentle and beamed with kindness, and said, “Brother Hall, you will never be any worse off if you never know. Miss Emma Page is in the women’s waiting room, would you not like to speak to her?” Into that room we went and I visited awhile and then took my train for home wondering what did he mean by saying, “Brother Hall, you will never be any worse off if you never know.” My only conclusion was he feared that if he stated the whole story was false, I would abuse the information and say too much about it. But that’s that.
What did Larimore mean to me? Well, I got this great lesson – you need absolutely nothing to be a good preacher of the gospel except to know the Book, the exact sayings of our Lord, and tell it to the people. If ever a man spoke where the Bible speaks and stayed silent where it is silent, Larimore did just that.
 Hall began his work in Atlanta the first of January 1907, see p. 17; Larimore’s meeting there would have been in about 1910.
 1922-1925, see Doug Foster on Larimore in Encyclopedia of the Stone-Campbell Movement, 453.
 Smithville, Tennessee, from 1904-1906, see p. 9. Hall helped establish three congregations in and around Smithville during this time.
 Larimore’s first revival in Nashville was in 1885; he preached often for Christian Churches in Nashville from 1885-1906 including a long meeting in 1887 when the South College Street Christian Church was set in order. David Lipscomb was one of the elders at South College Street from 1887 until his death in 1917. Larimore and Emma Page were married 1 January 1911; see Terry J. Gardner on Emma Page Larimore in Encyclopedia of the Stone-Campbell Movement, 452.