Name Authority for Nashville Tennessee Stone-Campbell Congregations, 5th edition, revised and enlarged. April 18, 2020. This list comprises 440 variations of time, place and character names for 247 known congregations of the Stone-Campbell Movement in Nashville and Davidson County, Tennessee from 1812 to March 2020.
The December 6, 1917 issue of Gospel Advocate was devoted to the memory of the recently-deceased David Lipscomb. It is a rich treasure of memories and tributes. To my knowledge this issue was the first to carry Lipscomb’s photograph on the cover. Similar covers followed in 1931 (the July 11 Davidson County Special Number) and 1939 (the December 7 special issue about the history of the Nashville congregations).
These three issues are of significant historical value. As primary sources they provide information unavailable elsewhere. As interpretive reflections they are a beginning point for how Lipscomb was remembered and how congregational history was recorded and carried forward. The 1917 issue, other than newspaper obituaries and Price Billingsley’s diary, is the first secondary source about the life and impact of David Lipscomb. The Billingsley diary (housed at Center for Restoration Studies, Abilene Christian University) contains a description of the funeral along with its author’s candid thoughts and impressions. It was not intended, at the time, for public reading.
The issue of the Advocate, however, is a product of the McQuiddy Printing Company and is most certainly intended to capture the mood and ethos in the air just after Lipscomb’s death and by way of the mails deliver it to subscribers wherever they may be. In point of time, it is the first published sustained historical reflection on Lipscomb’s life and ministry. The 1931 and 1939 special issues focus on Lipscomb’s activity on the ground among the citizens of Nashville’s neighborhoods. Here his legacy is as a church planter: an indefatigable, patient, faithful steward. He plants, he teaches, he preaches, he organizes. He observes shifting residential patterns and responds with congregational leadership development. To meet the needs of the emerging streetcar suburbs, he urges elders to take charge of teaching responsibilities, engage evangelists and establish congregations through peaceful migrations and church plants. The 1931 and 1939 issues are testimonies to the effects of this approach. Along the way they preserve details and photographic evidence that is simply unavailable elsewhere.
All three are available for download below.
In 1907 R. Lin Cave and J. T. McKissick, minsters at Nashville’s Vine Street and 17th Street Christian Churches (respectively) engaged in a evangelistic tent meeting in near-west Nashville around the vicinity of New Shops Church of Christ. This note from the July 18, 1907 Gospel Advocate clarifies that by 1907 the rift between local Christian Churches and Churches of Christ was deep and widening. In 1907 the New Shops Church of Christ, also known as Winston Avenue Christian Church, was a young congregation in a growing working-class neighborhood. I blogged about this congregation several years ago. This item from the 1907 Advocate sheds light on the character of the congregation in its earliest years. I am still in search of any scrap of information about this congregation: photographs, directories, bulletins, paper or ephemera of any kind.
W. J. Cullum, “A Statement,” Gospel Advocate, July 18, 1907, p. 16.
On 29 June 1964 W. N. Loyd and J. E. Smith, Trustees for the 27th Avenue Church of Christ, transferred property at the corner of 27th and Torbett Street to William E. Davis, Jonas E. Nance, Mrs. Myrtle Seay and Mrs. Novella Horton, trustees of Hosea Temple Cumberland Presbyterian Church, for the sum of ten dollars. Thus closed the final chapter of sixty years of ministry of the New Shops Church of Christ. In February 2013, just before I left for Nashville for Abilene I snapped a couple pics of the Hosea Temple Cumberland Presbyterian Church, home in the long ago to New Shops Church:
On 2 June 1905 Alex Perry (an elder with David Lipscomb at South College Street Christian Church) with William Stackman purchased a corner lot in near-west Nashville from Mr and Mrs. M. B. Pilcher. By June 1905 a small band of members from Jo Johnston Avenue Christian Church had met for several months in a vacant store on Stewart Street, on Mrs. Jim Robertson’s front lawn on Clifton Pike and in the J. W. Thomas School.
The lot Perry and Stackman acquired was on the southwest corner of 27th Avenue (then known as Winston Avenue) and Torbett Street. On Thanksgiving Day 1905 several men spent the day working on a building. Dora Wyatt wrote, ‘as soon as there was enough flooring laid to hold a few seats, we moved in and started worshiping in the new building. It was a happy day! After the building was completed, a two weeks’ revival was held by T. B. Larimore.” Thus began the Winston Avenue Church of Christ. Located about a block north of Charlotte Avenue, this neighborhood is north of Centennial Park and two blocks east of present-day I-440/I-40 interchange. Using Charlotte Avenue as a point of reference, remember that West Nashville Christian Church (later renamed Charlotte Avenue Church of Christ) stood at the corner of 46th Avenue and Charlotte, some 20 blocks west. The sponsoring church, Jo Johnston, stood—the building still stands!– at 17th and Jo Johnston, about ten blocks east toward downtown. Here is the Jo Johnston building in 2010, not long vacated by Friendship Missionary Baptist Church:
The focal point of the neighborhood was the railroad repair shops for L&N Railroad built along Charlotte Avenue just north of Centenntial Park. These shops, the ‘new’ shops as opposed to former location near downtown, were a hub of activity. Among the most efficient anywhere, purportedly the most efficient south of the Ohio River, the Louisville and Nashville Railroad shops when opened were valued at $300,000. It appears then, that the constituents of the neighborhood churches, New Shops Church of Christ among them, were the working class whose skilled labor kept a Southern railroad machine humming.
Here are the Shops ca. 1940 from Tennessee State Library Archives online digital photograph and image database. The road cutting from 9 o’clock on your left up to the 12 o’clock position is Charlotte Avenue. To your right past 3 o’clock is Centennial Park. New Shops Church was located just out of sight of the photo in the 11 o’clock position.
The 1908 City Atlas knows of New Shops Church, but identifies it only as ‘Campbellite Ch.”:
I assume the school above (in pink…it was brick) on Torbett is the J. W. Thomas School to which Dora Wyatt refers in her 1939 historical sketch.
New Shops Church first appears in Nashville city directories in 1906. As you can see by browsing the 1908 Atlas, the neighborhood is emerging. There are many vacant lots, presumably having only recently subdivided. The yellow structures indicate wooden or frame buildings. The houses are modest, and they are frame. You will not see many large brick homes in this section of town.
It appears that Jo Johnston Church had her eye on an emerging neighborhood to her west, and got in early with a church plant. Meeting at the southwest corner of Winston and Torbit (notice the spelling variant, Torbit/Torbett) Avenues, they had “no pastor” and met for worship at 11 am. Twenty years later, the city directory lists Sunday services at 11 am and 7:30 pm; in 1926 they do not appear to have a regular minister, which is not surprising as most Churches of Christ even in the city did not regular salaried ministers. Wyatt says that “several years later this [frame] building [pictured above on the atlas] was torn down and the present building erected.” The second building took the place of the first on the same lot. By December 1939 New Shops Church of Christ was a congregation of 250 members. Wyatt mentions several times the work of their Bible school. Evidently this was a significant focus in the earliest years at Winston Avenue. In December 1939 Johnny Goins was in charge of this ministry.
By 1943 Jo Johnston Church, citing a ‘changing neighborhood’ (that is, changing from mostly white to mostly black), sought to liquidate the church property and disband. At that time Friendship Missionary Baptist Church acquired the old Jo Johnston property and met there until just a few years ago. I would like to make contact with someone at Friendship Church to see whether they have any older photos of the building.
My hunch is that just as the neighborhood at 17th and Jo Johnston ‘changed’ so did the area north of New Shops when the shops closed. The Hosea Community Church now occupies the former 27th Avenue Church of Christ building.
Now, who might have any old paper from New Shops Church of Christ? It was known also as Winston Avenue Christian Church or Winston Avenue Church of Christ and later as 27th Avenue Church of Christ. Who might have anything from Jo Johnston Church of Christ; known also as Jo Johnston Avenue Christian Church and earlier as Line Street Christian Church? Who might have an old photograph of either of these houses of worship? Who might have a directory of any of these congregations? When these congregations disbanded, where did the remaining members go?
Their closure is within living memory; the time to preserve what remains, if it can be located, is now.
History of Nashville, Tenn. H. W. Crew, 1890, p. 332. available online here.
Dora Wyatt, “New Shops Church” Gospel Advocate December 7, 1939.
Metro Nashville Property Assessors Office, online records accessed 8 August 2010.
Atlas of the City of Nashville, 1908. accessed 3 February 2013.